Rebecca Adler, California Institute of Technology
Water Supply and Sanitation:
Developing Solutions in Developing Nations
South Africa, Zambia, United Kingdom, India, Australia
Africa is disproportionately affected by constraints in water supply and sanitation (WSS). The goal of my fellowship is to help promote sustainable WSS practices by evaluating alternative WSS policies in South Africa and Zambia. I also aim to gain an understanding of how limited water resources affect culture and how culture, in turn, influences water policy. Another facet of my project will involve an educational component, visiting youth centers and teaching about the importance of clean water and water purification technologies.
Ndija Anderson, Spelman College
Braiding: Traditional Art, Esthetic Service or Cultural Expression?
Jamaica, Senegal, Egypt, India, Japan, Australia, Brazil
Hair braiding represents a traditional art in the Black community, passed down from generation to generation. The act of braiding also plays a role in Black female socialization through the dialogues that occur between grandmothers, mothers and daughters as hairstyles are created. My project will involve researching the role braiding plays in female socialization as well as the motivations for hair braiding in other cultures, by collecting oral histories and photographing amateur and professional hair creations.
Chadia Bel Hamdounia, Bryn Mawr College
From Water to White Sheets: A Look at Different Perinatal Practices
Denmark, India, South Africa, United Kingdom
I will study how different communities have employed their resources to support a variety of birthing practices and standards. In Denmark, a small population with a high GDP has resulted in a socialized health-care system that supports a wide variety of birthing techniques. With over one billion people spread over urban and rural areas, India relies on both public and private care. South Africa, with its vast area and colonial history, serves as a good middle ground, while also revealing how AIDS impacts maternal and infant health.
Isaac Bingham, Berea College
Savants of the Sea:
Indigenous Boatbuilding on Two Sides of the Pacific
Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Tokelau, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia
Under the tutelage of native boatbuilders, I want to explore the following aspects of indigenous boatbuilding: origin, evolution, and modern vs. traditional building techniques. I want to run my hands along the hulls of these boats, feel the knots, the weave, the tautness, the trueness, the textures that compose the elegant design of indigenous boats, designs that have developed over thousands of years. I will begin on the coasts of Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, and on the South Pacific island of Tokelau, then fly across the Pacific and continue in Peru and Ecuador.
Alexandra Cheney, Wheaton College
What's Underneath the Wave?
Ocean Advocacy and Global Surf Cultures
French Polynesia, Fiji, Tahiti, Australia, Japan, Costa Rica, Brazil, South Africa
Surfers feel a unique spiritual tie with water, out of which emerges their fight to protect the oceans. Without surfers as advocates, many coastlines would succumb to the destruction brought on by commercial shipping, underwater demolition and extractive fishing. By examining wave-riding cultures, and defining their component traditions and rituals, I seek to explore how surfers feel their connection with the water and how that bond translates into world-wide oceanic preservation.
Christophe Chung, Bard College
Tilling the Slope: An Exploration of Rural Terrace Farming
Peru, Vietnam, Laos, China, India (Sikkim), Bolivia, Italy, Cambodia
This project seeks to investigate terrace farming, focusing specifically on the engineering and construction of irrigation systems and terrace walls and on the agricultural component of planting, maintaining and harvesting crops. I will explore issues pertaining to environmental, economic, and social sustainability as well as the tension between rural and urban environments.
Christopher Clunie, Davidson College
More Than Just a Game:
Basketball as a Force for Change in the World
South Africa, Argentina, Japan, Italy
I will examine basketball as a tool for change within global politics. People are using basketball to confront social, ethnic, economic and political boundaries, educate youth on the significance of issues such as AIDS and racism, and foster international solidarity. By working with basketball outreach programs, looking at the implications of professionalism and social mobility, and experiencing the international competitive aspect of basketball, I will better understand how and why basketball is so powerful in creating change in the world today.
Ellen Connors, Rice University
Exploring How Melody Derives from Life Experience
In the Circumpolar North
Mongolia, China, Norway, Laos
Song is one of the most basic, unadulterated forms of human expression. As a bassoonist, I am called upon to imitate the human voice, so studying song and particularly melody will be an indispensable source of inspiration throughout my musical life. The songs of the Circumpolar North are some of the most expressive and provocative I have heard. They display similarities which I believe have evolved from cultural commonalities throughout the region. Through exposure to and training in the rich song traditions of the North, I hope to gain personal and musical wisdom.
Andre Deckrow, Amherst College
Japanese Gardens Abroad as Symbols of History and Culture
Japan, China, Australia, Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Bolivia
Japanese émigrés have built Japanese-style gardens throughout the world. In addition to their aesthetic beauty, these gardens have served their creators as powerful reminders and symbols of their homeland. I will visit these gardens to understand their importance to the local Japanese community and how they serve as sources of ethnic and national identity. I will also examine the legacy of Japanese gardens in such places as China and Australia, where, after times of war, the building of Japanese gardens has served as a force for reconciliation.
Nandita Dinesh, Wellesley College
All the World is a Stage: Using Theatre to Address Conflict
Guatemala, Northern Ireland, Rwanda
Theatre is more than entertainment. It is an art form with the potential to change people's lives. As wars continue to occur, there is a growing need in the world for something that will work ‘with’ people instead of ‘for’ them. By traveling to Guatemala, Northern Ireland, Cambodia, Sri Lanka and Rwanda, I hope to understand theatre’s place in fulfilling this need. By working with local theatre groups and immersing myself in the local culture, I want to examine how artistes can push the boundaries of theatre in order make it an integral part of a community’s healing process.
Nikhit D'Sa, College of the Atlantic
Untold Journeys, Unseen Lives:
Life Through the Eyes of Street Children
Ireland, Ghana, Fiji, Jamaica, United Kingdom
By fostering an environment in which street children can narrate their journeys and take photographs, I will turn the spotlight from how 'we' see 'them' to how 'they' see 'themselves' as individuals. I will work on collecting holistic and well-rounded life stories of these children while trying to understand what is important to them and what they think is worthy of recording in photographs. Through the comparison of their stories and photographs from different countries, I am particularly interested in how their cultures shape their perspective of their role in society.
Noah Eber-Schmid, Union College
The Kids Are Alright? Punk Subcultures as Community and Movement
Germany, United Kingdom, Sweden, Hungary, Norway, Denmark, Ireland, Canada
During my Fellowship year I will study punk subcultures throughout Scandinavia, Central Europe, and Western Europe, focusing on aspects of philosophy, community, and music. I will endeavor to understand how punk has developed as a movement of community, the culture of punk, and the role punk has played on local, national, and international levels across Europe. I will immerse myself in the world's largest and most active punk scenes, to learn the philosophies of ethics, identity, and belief that bind punk and punks together into a community and movement beyond music.
Marc Frankel, Colgate University
The World's Forgotten Jews
New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, Morocco, Argentina, Namibia, Spain, Portugal, Peru, Costa Rica
Around the world, small communities of Jews continue to live in isolation, practicing the traditions of their ancestors and adapting them as best they see fit. This project seeks to answer the question, "What is a Jew?" by observing the commonalities and differences in these communities and their traditions.
Andrew Fulton, Bowdoin College
Of Emus and Fairywrens: Photographing Australia's Endemic Birds
Australia boasts over 330 species of birds that are found nowhere else on Earth. These species, known as endemics, are found across the continent in every habitat and region. Over the next twelve months, I will travel the Australian continent tracking down and photographing as many of these bird species as possible. Throughout my travels I will be able to interact with local birders, naturalists, scientists, and photographers. I hope to use birding and photography as a window into Australian culture.
Jason Fults, Berea College
Perceptions of Science and Nature Beyond the West
India, Malaysia, China
I hope to explore how contemporary conceptions of science are shaped by history and culture in India, Malaysia, and China. I will also examine the implications of these conceptions for defining and addressing modern environmental crises. I intend to develop these insights through independent research, observation, and interaction with scientists, science educators and students, as well as participants in environmental civil society organizations.
William Gould, Wesleyan University
This is Not Altogether Fool, My Lord: Comedy and Political Activism
Greece, United Kingdom, Honduras, Chile, Brazil, Argentina
I will trace the roots of comedic theater as a tool for political activism and social change. From the work of Aristophanes in Ancient Greece to modern indigenous political theater in Latin America, I will explore how playwrights, actors, directors, and other artists have been able to convey overtly political messages in their work, even under the threat of governmental censorship.
Jena Griswold, Whitman College
Salsa: "Spicing Up" the International Dance Scene
Panama, Brazil, Japan, Germany, Puerto Rico, Spain
In pursuit of my passion for dance, I will investigate the globalization of salsa on four continents. I will explore how the physical dance and social context of salsa differ regionally. Furthermore, I will compare how salsa and hip-hop are physically and socially modified upon global relocation.
Gregory Groggel, University of Puget Sound
Chasing the Flame:
The Lasting Legacy of Hosting the Summer Olympics
Mexico, Germany, South Korea, Australia, China, Switzerland, Bosnia
The impact the Olympic Games can have in transforming a society is far-reaching. I will investigate the legacy of hosting the Olympic Games. I hope to promote a dialogue between those groups displaced in the process. Additionally, I will examine the pinnacle issues, or watershed moments, that surfaced around the Games. Through the comparative investigation of Olympic sites, using documentary photography as my guide, I hope to determine whether the fundamental principles of the Olympic Charter are achieved when a country plays host to the world.
Megan Groth, Pomona College
Growing a Home: Traditions and Practices of Building with Bamboo
China, Japan, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Thailand, Peru
I will travel to countries in Asia and Latin America to explore the art, culture, stigma, tradition and practice of bamboo construction and design. I will learn the local languages and live in home stays in order to immerse myself in these cultures that use bamboo in their daily lives, and whose identities have been shaped by this remarkable plant. I will spend my time visiting building sites, groves and gardens and working side by side with growers, harvesters and builders.
Amanda Harrow, Bates College
Keeping Kids Safe: Strategies for Protecting Children from Abuse
New Zealand, Peru, Sweden, Uganda, Bolivia
Throughout the world, children are abused by those who are supposed to love them most - members of their family. How do different societies respond to this violence against children? What do they do to protect kids and keep them safe? Over the course of a year I will examine the role of governments, indigenous practices, religious communities, and non-governmental organizations in protecting children from familial violence in four countries. In doing so, I will gain insight into the variety of strategies that can be used to keep children safe.
Jonathan Helfgott, Bard College
Baseball's Globalization: Economics, Culture, and Sport
Dominican Republic, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Australia, Okinawa (Japan), South Africa, Nicaragua
I want to use baseball as a medium for exploring the complex dynamics that accompany cultural exchange. For my project, I will immerse myself in various international baseball communities across Latin America and the Pacific Rim, where I will seek out, observe, and engage baseball players, fans, coaches, and scouts wherever I can find them. Baseball's expansion mirrors the process of economic globalization in many ways. The game of baseball is an accessible and meaningful way to examine the deeper cultural implications of this process.
Adam Jarczyk, Washington and Lee University
The Culinary Arts: Unique Expressions of East Asian Culture
Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, Singapore, Hong Kong, Australia, Taiwan
I will pursue my interest in East Asian culture and cooking by exploring the culinary traditions of Thailand, Malaysia, and Vietnam. I will purchase ingredients in local markets, master different methods of food preparation, and learn the art of meal presentation by apprenticing in local restaurants. I will also explore the various customs and traditions associated with cooking and dining. Exploring the culinary art and etiquette of these countries will give me insight into the nuances of several East Asian cultures that will be influential in the next several decades.
Nathan John, Sarah Lawrence College
Culture in Motion: A Portrait of Global Cyclists and Their Cityscapes
Japan, China, India, South Africa, Argentina, Brazil, Belgium, Australia, Boliva, Peru, Denmark
Some people never quite outgrow a childhood fascination with the bike; it continues to represent freedom and adventure well into adulthood. Yet for others, the bicycle is no more than evidence of their economic disadvantage. In traveling to seven cities, I will experience bicycle culture in all its forms. Using various cameras, I will record my attempts to understand bicycles both as a mode of transport and a cultural object in each new locale. Ultimately, I hope to gain insight into the complex relationship that exists between a citizenry and their city.
Keefe Keeley, Swarthmore College
Faith and the Farm: How Religious Values Influence Agriculture
United Kingdom, Zambia, New Zealand, India, Tanzania, Japan
What values do farmers draw upon to make choices about how to relate to the land, especially in a world of dynamic technologies and market demands? How does the practice of different religions engender or discourage land-loving agricultural values? I will befriend farmers, joining them in their farm work and in their spiritual expressions, in order understand the role of their religions in making daily farming decisions.
Jessica Lanan, Scripps College
Fairy Tales: An Illustrated Journey
Japan, India, Thailand
What can folk tales tell us about the social and moral values of a society? I will explore this question using my own sketchbook illustrations as a mode of understanding folk-tale traditions, documenting my own journey, and communicating and interacting with the community. My goal is to better understand the role of illustrated folk tales in Japan, Hong Kong and Thailand, and to enrich my own process of illustration with new cultural and artistic perspectives.
Michael Le Chevallier, Willamette University
A Faith of Their Own: A Study of Inculturation in Africa
Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Burkina Faso, Ghana, South Africa, Senegal, UK
Immersing myself in the local religious life of Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia and Burkina Faso, I will observe and experience inculturation. Through my participation in the organization of liturgy, my practice of the daily religious life, as well as through my interviews with indigenous church members I will experience the Africanization of Catholicism by the local congregation.
Jazzmen Lee-Johnson, Rhode Island School of Design
Politics of Performance: Acts of Resistance
South Africa, India, Benin, Brazil, Mali
I view performance as a mechanism that gives marginalized people and cultures an altered capacity for dealing with and acting upon the world. Using hip-hop as a point of reference, I will reveal the common DNA strands between Kwaito Culture, Forum Theater, Capoeira, and Yoruba Folk Opera. Each of these performance types serves as a method of resistance to dominant ideologies in their respective countries, all of which suffer from the legacy of colonialism or slavery. I will immerse myself in these rhythms of ritual, dance, song, poetry, and social power.
Katherine Majzoub, Williams College
Sustaining the Sacred: Tourism's Potential in Mountain Communities
Tibet, Bhutan, Peru, Japan
Tourism's ability to infuse vast economic resources often comes at the expense of the environmental and cultural well-being of host communities. To explore tourism's potential benefit for the developing world, I will study how mountain communities in Tibet, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, and China are developing ancient pilgrimage sites into sustainable, modern-day tourist destinations. I will focus specifically on the past and present environmental impacts of tourism development to understand the sustainability of these communities' approaches.
Heidi McAnnaly-Linz, Haverford College
Indigenous Women, Civil Society and Development
Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru, Panama
Marginalization of indigenous people in Latin America is one of the most pressing problems facing the region today. Women's indigenous civil-society organizations have begun to emerge to address this problem. During my fellowship, I will examine the strategies employed by such organizations and whether or not they are effective in promoting improvement in standards of living. By conducting in-depth research with these organizations in Bolivia and Ecuador, I will better understand how they function and how international actors might support their efforts.
Laurel McFadden, Pomona College
Life in the Midnight Sun and Polar Night: Images of Arctic Survival
Canada, Greenland, Norway, Russia
My project involves a photographic examination of social and personal strength in a variety of cultures coping with the extremes of the Arctic. Through photographic imagery, I will document patterns of communication, tradition, emotion, and social interaction as I participate in each community living through a stage of the Arctic seasons. The project will entail capturing and effectively sharing the experience of living in the Arctic, displaying not only my personal experiences but also the social patterns of communities working successfully in climatic extremes.
Kevin McHugh, Oberlin College
The Music of Megacities:
Cultural Homogenization in Super-Metropolises
Brazil, Egypt, India, Japan, China
With a projected 2.5 billion more people living in the world's largest cities over the next 20 years, addressing the concern of cultural homogenization and specifically local music in megacities is incredibly important. With my Watson fellowship, I plan to perform with, interview, and record local jazz musicians in the cities of São Paulo, Mumbai, Cairo, and Tokyo, and discover how their music has and will become an expression of their global identity. I will try to understand the influence of local music on jazz, and see if there really is a sound of the city.
Stephanie Moyerman, Harvey Mudd College
Judo: The Gentle Way of Exploring Cultural Differences
Sweden, Netherlands, Russia, Japan, Portugal
Judo, which translates to "the gentle way," is a sport that originated in Japan in the late 1880s. Since this time, judo has spread thoughout the world, assimilating a distinct personality in each new nation. I will study the practice of judo in Russia, Japan, Spain, and Sweden as well as the style in which it is played and the way that it is viewed. Through observation and interaction with national teams and local dojos, I will be able to assess the influence of culture on an ever-evolving sport.
Ethan Nguyen, Vassar College
Vietnamese Fairy Tales: The Changing Stories from the Diaspora
Australia, Czech Republic, France
I will travel to Australia, Ireland, the Czech Republic and France to collect Vietnamese fairy tales, translate them into English, and document the state of those tales in light of survival and change in a fractured and displaced communities.
Chloe Poynton, Macalester College
Uprooted Lives: Aid Workers and Their Dedication to Refugee Relief
Switzerland, Tanzania, South Africa, Thailand, Australia, Sierra Leone, Serbia
I hope to study the global structure that supports refugees and the aid workers who dedicate their lives to serve these uprooted populations. Tracing the structure from the UNHCR to refugee camps and resettlement countries, I want to understand the multiple layers of aid through analyzing how the system functions. Coupled with this analysis, I want to gain a human perspective by interviewing aid workers to understand why they are passionate about their work and what keeps them motivated in situations that are generally perceived as examples of the failure of mankind.
Sneh Rao, Macalester College
Democratizing Sex Work, Rights and Space
Argentina, South Africa, Ecuador, Spain
I will research the ways in which sex workers, through well-established and community-based rights and advocacy groups, are organizing for civil and economic rights and social and physical space.
Jason Rathod, Grinnell College
Finding Self in the Other: Cultural Fusion in the Indian Diaspora
Fiji, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago, Mauritius, Suriname, South Africa
For the descendents of indentured servants in the Indian Diaspora, a strong tie to Indian culture continues to give their lives meaning and character. I will look at how these Indians' everyday art, worship, dress, and food reflect differences in political structure, religious ideology, economic status, ethnic relations, and national heritage. Furthermore, I want to understand individuals who defy cultural boundaries and fuse the varied expressions of Indian culture with "other" traditions to create a unique sense of self.
Danielle Roper, Hamilton College
Political Humor and Social Transformation in Latin America
Argentina, Peru, Nicaragua, Spain, Italy
I propose to examine political humor in Latin America, specifically stand-up comedy, satire found in popular culture and mass media-including newspapers, magazines, radio and television shows-and popular theatre. This will enable me to document how political humor functions as an informal system of education and social awareness.
Rebecca Selden, Bowdoin College
Sea Turtle Ecotourism: Impacting Human and Turtle Populations
Cayman Islands, South Africa, Malaysia, Panama, Australia
I will investigate ways that turtle conservation groups have incorporated communities into programs through direct economic incentives or through education programs. I will explore the relationships between attitudes of local people and trends in turtle populations. At each site, I will interview scientists, local people involved in conservation efforts, and community members affected by programs to assess changes due to ecotourism. Through the eyes of the people I meet, I will gain a new viewpoint about conservation efforts within and beyond the realm of science.
Alison Shapiro, Middlebury College
Painted Ladies: A Cultural Exploration of Women and Tattooing
Samoa, Fiji, French Polynesia, New Zealand, India, Morocco
For women, participation in American tattooing today rarely entails more than pointing to a generic flash design and shelling out $50 for ten minutes of needlework. Meaningful tattoo culture is largely the province of men: most tattoo artists are male, as are most of the heavily tattooed. I want to explore the role of women in tattoo cultures outside the United States, where tattooing still retains a sense of meaning, community, and ritual, and the full participation of women is not an aberration from the norm, but a specific norm all its own.
Braden Wheeler Sparks, Washington and Lee University
Stairwell to Heaven: Exploring the Components of Captivating Music
Spain, Ireland, South Africa, Uganda, Morocco, Egypt, China, Mongolia, Nicaragua
For twelve months, I want to listen, observe and play music with people in the context of other cultures I do not know as intimately as my own. I seek to capture music in its own unique style and add it to who I am becoming as a musician and person by exploring what characteristics define "great" music - music that moves and educates, that connects and informs. Immersing myself in this way will enhance my ability to write, perform and understand music as a connection between artist and observer.
Andrew Stowe, Bates College
Life on the Wing: Traveling Pole to Pole with the Arctic Tern
Canada, Scotland, England, France, Spain, Morocco, Senegal, South Africa, Argentina, Chile, Ecuador, Venezuela, Trinidad, British Virgin Isles, Antigua, US Virgin Islands
I will follow the Arctic Tern on its migratory path, a circular route that passes through the North and South Poles and four continents in between. This tern migrates farther than any other bird, flying thousands of miles each year between its Arctic breeding grounds and Antarctic wintering grounds. I will focus on two distinct goals: first, to expand our understanding of the Arctic Tern and its migration and, second, to examine how the environmental policies of four highly different countries along the terns' route affect the terns' passage through those areas.
Tori Sutherland, Hendrix College
A Study of Women's Health Care in Four Developing Nations
Mexico, India, China, Botswana, Zambia, Mozambique
The division in health care between the developed and developing world is a huge hurdle in the campaign to provide a standard quality of life to our world's citizens. I am particularly interested in women's health-care services. Through clinical observation in a wide range of medical facilities, I hope to gain a better understanding of topics that directly affect women, including cultural influences on health care, overpopulation, and the HIV epidemic.
Kimberly Swanson, Rice University
Women, Microfinance and the Division of Labor Within the Household
Ghana, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi, India, South Africa, Thailand, Uganda
Microfinance, the provision of financial resources to women in poverty, provides tremendous hope for the world's poorest women, giving them a chance to earn their way out of poverty. The success of microfinance programs (MFPs) is often measured with loan repayment rates. By working with MFPs in Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, and Mozambique, I aim to expand this limited definition of success by examining the relationship between household gender dynamics and microfinance programs.
Laura Sweitzer, Earlham College
The Writings on the Wall: Street Art, Vandalism, or Cultural Text?
Spain, Netherlands, South Africa, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Ecuador
I will become an "Urban Archeologist", studying urban culture through the messages and designs written on the city walls. I will study the social function of graffiti in different cultures by seeing, reading, and further investigating the graffiti that is displayed in 11 distinct cities. I will determine whose views are expressed through graffiti, why they choose this means of communication, and how the general public reacts to and interprets these messages.
Dawn Teele, Reed College
Balancing Interests in Post-Tsunami Reconstruction
Sri Lanka, India, Thailand, Guatemala, Mexico
Most contemporary micro-economic development studies seem to ignore the culture of the areas that are being studied. Yet it is community, culture, and history that are of utmost importance when considering the direction that development projects should take. My Watson project will bring me to areas that were affected by the December 2004 tsunami in order to explore the way in which interests are balanced between community members and formal organizations in the reconstruction process. This project will teach me what integrated development means in practice.
Emilia Tjernstrom, Colby College
Nomad's Land: Development, Conservation and Nomads
Mali, Mauritania, Tanzania, Mongolia
I want to survey nomadic pastoralists who are caught between the forces of development and conservation. Nomads who have prospered for generations in hostile environments are struggling to cope with outsiders' conflicting interests. Migration routes are being cut off by park borders and mining claims, forcing nomads to move from ancestral lands. By sharing my findings, I hope to help nomadic people overcome physical and cultural distances from national governments by obtaining a political voice and influence over their countries' development and conservation efforts.
Denise Twum, Amherst College
Combating Domestic Violence Across Cultures
United Kingdom, India, Trinidad, Uganda, South Africa
The main aim of this project is to study how domestic violence is constructed and dealt with in various cultures. I will examine different aspects of each society's culture, such as government policies, religion, race and social class in order to understand the characterization of domestic violence in these societies and the measures used, if any, to reduce or eliminate this social issue.
Linh Vuong, University of Puget Sound
Into the Wind:
Exploring the Evolving Art of Kite-Making and Natural Design
Vietnam, Malaysia, India, New Zealand, Thailand
By exploring the collective and personal history of kite-makers in these four settings and participating in design and construction with local artisans, I hope to understand the larger significance of kite-making as it relates to the preservation of cultural and environmental identities. I intend to investigate the original ways in which kites were used as well as the ways in which kite design, manufacture, and usage has changed in these places over the centuries. I also hope to contribute to the renaissance of kite culture and contribute new knowledge to the field.
*Travel to this country is permitted only if the U. S. State Department lifts its travel warning, in place as of September 7, 2006.